20 March 2017

Brain Drain of India - Some Statistics
Brain Drain of India - Some Statistics |Sulthan Academy

Today,I present some of the key statistics that draws attention and bring alarm bells to India. Among Asian countries, India continues its trend of top the list of immigrant scientists and engineers to the US, says the latest report, adding that with 950000 Indians out of Asia's total of 2.96 million, this report of 2013 represented an 85 percent increase from 2003. Overall, the number of immigrant scientists and engineers in the US has risen to 18 percent from an earlier 16 percent and 57 percent of those were born in Asia. From 2003 to 2013, the number of scientists and engineers residing in the US rose from 21.6 million to 29 million. This 10-year increase included significant growth in the number of immigrant scientists and engineers, from 3.4 million to 5.2 million, said the report from the National Science Foundation's National Centre for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES). In 2013, 63 percent of US immigrant scientists and engineers have naturalized citizens, while 22 percent were permanent residents and 15 percent were temporary visa holders. Also, the human capital is not only a major problem in India, It is also a key problem for many Asian other countries. Since 2003, the number of scientists and engineers from the Philippines increased 53 percent and the number from China, including Hong Kong and Macau, increased 34 percent, the report added. The NCSES report found that immigrant scientists and engineers were more likely to have earned post-baccalaureate degrees than their US-born counterparts. In 2013, 32 percent of immigrant scientists reported their highest degree was a master's (compared to 29 percent of US-born counterparts) and 9 percent reported it was a doctorate (compared to 4 percent of US-born counterparts).The most common fields of study for immigrant scientist and engineers in 2013 were engineering, computer and mathematical sciences and social and related sciences, the findings showed. Over 80 percent of immigrant scientists and engineers were employed in 2013, the same percentage as their US-born counterparts. Among the immigrants in the science and engineering workforce, the largest share (18 percent) worked in computer and mathematical sciences, while the second-largest share (eight per cent) worked in engineering. Three occupations - life scientist, computer, and mathematics scientist and social and related scientist saw substantial immigrant employment growth from 2003 to 2013, the report said.
The following table visualizes the significant number of Indian individuals that resides in each country. 
Country
No.of Individuals
United States
3443063
Saudi Arabia
3000000
United Arab Emirates
2200000
Malaysia
2150000
Nepal
2000000
United Kingdom
1451862
South Africa
1286930
Canada
1214110
Myanmar
1100000
Mauritius
882220
Oman
670000
Kuwait
579390
Sri Lanka
551500
Qatar
545000
Trinidad and Tobago
468500
Australia
390894
Singapore
351700
Bahrain
350000
Guyana
320200
Fiji
313798
RĂ©union
220000
Netherlands
215000
Thailand
150000
Suriname
140300
Indonesia
125000
Italy
120000
Yemen
111000
New Zealand
160000
Kenya
100000
Tanzania
92000
The Republic of Ireland
91520
France
65000
Portugal
80000
Germany
86000
Israel
7000
Colombia
4000
Lesotho
4000

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