It is a common misconception among Indians that Aadhar Card is considered as a proof of citizenship. In Chapter-3, Clause-9 “The Aadhaar number or the authentication thereof shall not, by itself, confer any right of, or be proof of, citizenship or domicile in respect of an Aadhaar number holder.” This clearly explains Aadhaar is not a proof of citizenship or domicile.
What about Citizenship?
Under citizenship laws, a person is an Indian by birth if he/she is born in India on or after January 26, 1950, but before July 1, 1987, so in that case, only your birth certificate should suffice as Indian Citizenship proof. If a person is born after July 1987, he or she can claim citizenship if either of the parents is a citizen of India. So in this case, own birth certificate along with one your parents birth certificate may suffice as Indian Citizenship proof. For all born in India on or after December 3, 2004, they can claim citizenship by birth only if both parents are Indians, or if at least one of the parents is an Indian citizen and the other is not an illegal immigrant at the time of birth in India. So along with one’s birth certificate, both parents citizenship proofs would be required which shall be again subjected to above conditions.
Documents such as Vote Id Card and Passport may be considered citizenship proof with the birth certificate as per above-mentioned cases. A Driving License, Caste certificate, Ration Card is no valid proof of citizenship.
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